- Auteur : Lena Sanders
- Éditeur : Presses universitaires François-Rabelais, OpenEdition Books
- Laboratoire : CITERES
- Date de publication : Novembre 2021
70 000 years ago, Homo sapiens left Africa to colonize the world. 6,000 years ago, he founded the first cities. Today, in the era of city networks, he is creating increasingly wide and complex metropolitan regions. From prehistory to the era of metropolises, man has occupied the earth’s space in an infinite variety of ways, under the influence of a multitude of factors. How did the Bantu populate a space already occupied by the Pygmies in equatorial Africa? How were cities born in the Bronze Age?
How did the pueblo society develop and then disappear in the United States? What were the effects of Romanization on the settlement of southern Gaul? How did the village system emerge around the year 1000 in Europe? This book addresses twelve major changes in global settlement formalized as “transitions”.
What is a transition? How can it be identified in the empirical field? Archaeologists, historians, linguists, and geographers combine their efforts to construct, analyze, and compare models of settlement transition in world history. Observing the particular, they seek the universal. This book proposes a method for understanding the laws of human settlement in the very long term.
Cette publication est la traduction en anglais de l’ouvrage “Peupler la terre. De la Préhistoire à l’ère des métropoles“. Cette nouvelle version a été financée par la MSH Val de Loire et la MSHE Claude Nicolas Ledoux, avec le financement exceptionnel “spécial MSH” en 2019 du Ministère de l’enseignement supérieur et de la recherche et de l’innovation.